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Zhoukou City
 
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Situated in the southeast of Henan Province, Zhoukou has a population of 10.65 million and an area of 11,190 km². Bordering Anhui Province to the east, it has 8 counties, 1 city and 1 district under its administration. As a cradle of Chinese civilizations, Zhoukou boasts of a long history and historical heritages. Around 6,000 years ago it was densely populated and many villages were sprouted. The “Three Emperors” in ancient time, namely, Fuxi, Nvwa and Shen Nong established their capitals here. The founding father of Taoism, Lao Zi was born in Luyi County, Zhoukou. Chen Sheng, born in Shangshui County and Wu Guang, born in Taikang County, established the Zhangchu Regime in Chen (current Huaiyang County). The academy established by Cheng Hao, a well-known Confucius disciple and philosopher, is now well preserved. Plenty of ancient ruins, cultural heritages, as well as beautiful legends have been left in Zhoukou. According to the archeological study, there are over 200 cultural heritage sites, including 100 Neolithic sites, 14 sites of Peiligang and Yangshao Culture, 23 sites of Dawenkou Culture and 79 sites of Longshan Culture. In conclusion, Zhoukou is the place from where the Chinese culture originated, including surnames, agriculture, husbandry as well as medicine.

The long history and brilliant culture has left many places of scenic beauty and historical interests, which have formed a wealth of touristic resources. In this key region of the Chinese ancient culture, there is Taihao Mausoleum, the resting place of Fuxi, the first of “Three Emperors”. It covers an area of 58 hectares. The layout of the mausoleum has put the main houses in the first two yards on the same axis. All the grand halls are covered with golden glazed tiles and lend an imposing view. Huaguatai, a platform where Fuxi observed the sky and the earth and predicted future events, is surrounded by balustrades and age-old ever-green cypresses. In 1984, the sacred white stone turtle, which was used by Fuxi, was unearthed in the area near the platform. Pingliangtai, the ruins of ancient Wanqiu Town around 4,600 years ago, is the earliest town that has been discovered in China. The Taiqing Palace, where Lao Zi taught himself, followed the design of the imperial palace of Chang’an. The stele of Xiantian queen dowager, erected to extol the mother of Zhenzong of Song Dynasty, still stands. The Laojuntai, where Lao Zi achieved his immortalization, shows a beauty of solemnity and simplicity. Nvwa town in Xihua County, where it was once the capital of Nvwa, one of the “Three Emperors”, has gained its reputation for business and tourism. Ji Hongchang Memorial Hall in Fugou County is a witness of the great achievements of the heroes. The Temple Saint Guan Yu in Zhoukou, well preserved, is a cluster of ancient buildings which show the essence of ancient arts of architecture, sculpture, painting, metallurgy and so on. The Former Residence of Yuan Shikai (a president of Republic of China) is featured by contemporary folk houses in Central China. The ancient Nandun Town is exquisitely constructed. The Jianzhi Park of Huaiyang features the presence of varied shapes of pine and cypress trees. In the park, there are pavilions, towers, terraces and all kinds of animals ranging from birds to beasts. The Huancheng Lake of Huaiyang is twice the size of West Lake in Hangzhou with a water area of 1, 600 hectares. The newly built scenic spot-- 5,000-year China Attraction, mirrors the Chinese history. The modeled Great Wall contains Zhonghua Tower, the passes along the Wall, etc. In addition, more than 10,000 stone, mud, and jade statures of kings, generals, and important figures from Chinese history are arranged in different halls in the modeled wall.
Since the reform and opening-up, the Zhoukou tourism has made great strides. The attraction construction has been accelerated. With relevant services improved, Zhoukou enjoys convenient transportation and telecommunication. There are 4 star-rated hotels with modern facilities. Equipped with a quality team and excellent service, 4 travel agencies in Zhoukou have provided tourism routs such as A Trip of Lao Zi Culture, A Trip of Fuxi Culture, A Trip of Sceneries in central China, A Trip following Confucius’ route and so on.
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Zhoukou Hotel
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Taihao Fuxi Mausoleum
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