|Name:The Dragon Pavilion Scenic Spot|
Tel:The north section of the Imperial Street of the Northern Song Dynasty and the Zhongshan Road
As a famous scenic spot in the northern part of
Kaifeng, the Dragon Pavilion actually is not a pavilion but a great hall built on a huge gray brick base of 13 meters in height. The park, centered with the Dragon Pavilion, is the largest sightseeing zone in
City, with an area of more than 80 hectares, over half of which is covered with beautiful lakes and rivers. It is such a famous tourist resort, both at home and abroad, that almost all the tourists to
Kaifeng will list it in their itineraries.
The present Dragon Pavilion is reminiscent of the pattern and style of construction of the Longevity Palace of the Qing Dynasty, which consists of the Wumen Gate, Yudai Bridge, Chaomen Gate, Dragon Pavilion, relics of the imperial arch and the east and north gates, and the Stele Pavilion; in addition to the Yangs’ Lake and Pans’ Lake, Spring Garden, Miniature Garden, Botanical shaping Garden, corridors and pavilions. The Great Hall of The Dragon Pavilion sits towards the south on a thirteen-meter high terrace, along with eight wing rooms on each side, forming a complex construction of halls. It also comprises the first waxwork museum in
China with 63 figures, vividly sculpted. Along the imperial road are the Yangs’ Lake to the west and the Pans’
Lake to the east. The former named in honor of the well-known general from the Northern Song Dynasty Yang Jiye. The yang lake is always clean, while the latter named lake named for the notorious Pen Renmei, the old cunning minister, is always muddy. In short, the park is combination of the magnificence of the northern palaces; as well as the elegance of the southern gardens.
The Dragon Pavilion was once a part of the imperial palace of the Northern Song Dynasty, built on the site of a waste coal hill in the back garden of the former “Prince Zhou’s Mansion”. In the 16th year (1659) of the Emperor Shunzhi Period of the Qing Dyansty, the imperial memorial hall was established; in the 31st year (1692) of the Emperor Kangxi Period, a memorial tablet of the emperor was placed in the newly built pavilion on the coal hill for both the provincial officials to greet and pay their respect on important occasions. Since emperors in ancient
China were regarded as the incarnation of real dragons, the pavilion was titled as the Dragon Pavilion, and was the main building in the
Palace. With fine carved fences and dragon patterns around, the Great Hall of the Dragon Pavilion is reached by a set of 50 steps, with the imperial walkway in the center, which was carved with a majestic dragon. In the center of the main hall, there was a stone dais decorated with dragon patterns, which was said to be the imperial chair of Zhao Kuangyin, the founder of the Song Dynasty. Actually, it was where the memorial tablets of the emperors were placed.
In the west wing under the steps of the main hall is the first waxworks museum in China, with an exhibition area of 410 ㎡ . These nine groups of waxworks represent the great events in politics, economy, foreign affairs, and science and technology of the Song Dynasty. For that purpose, all the wax figures were made lifelike especially in their color, hair, eye and facial expressions; as well as their clothing.
During the renovation of those relics, the beatification of the park had been given much attention, thus lots of gardens and pavilions were built. The leading gardens are the Fangsen miniature Garden, the plum garden, and the Tongchun orchard, in which grow peach, cherry, Chinese redbud, pomegranate, cinnamon, winter sweet blossom, and many other blooming trees. Wandering in such a beautiful place, you will be relaxed by the singing birds and fragrant flowers.
Location: The north section of the
Imperial Street of the Northern Song Dynasty.