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scenic info
Baiquan Scenic Area
Name:Baiquan Scenic Area
Class:AAA
Area:Xinxiang
Tel:At the foot of the Sumen Mountain 2 kilometers northwest of Huixian City Tel:0086-400-666-0166 Email:henantour@gmail.com Skype:karenzheng2004



Two and half kilometers northwest from the center of
Huixian
City, Baiquan (literally, one hundred springs) Lake is located at the south foot of

Sumen
Mountain. The springs are also named “Pearl Springs” because underneath the lake springs bubble up from the bottom like beads of pearls. The lake was first excavated as early as 3,000 years ago in the Shang Dynasty. During the reign of Emperor Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty, in order to prevent it from draining, a bank was built with stones around the lake and thus a rectangle lake was created. The lake covers an area of over 34,000 square meters with the maximum depth of three meters. The water temperature is around 20 degrees centigrade. With clean water all the year round, the lake abounds with fish and crabs. Along the shore the lake is lined with pavilions, buildings and old pine trees and cypresses. Through thousands of years of transformation and renovation, Baiquan Scenic Area has become a famous classical garden on the central plains of

China comprising more than 90 ancient buildings of different kinds with both the petite and exquisite style of the south and the majestic and magnificent style of the North. As the representation of southern and northern architecture, as well as the landscape, it is regarded as “the
Summer
Palace on the Central Plains of
China”; “the
West
Lake in
Northern China”.








Baiquan Scenic area is composed of
Sumen
Mountain and

Baiquan
Lake. As a branch of the
Taihang
Mountain range,
Sumen
Mountain is the peak of the

Wanxian
Mountain as it extends towards east. The streams in
Taihang
Mountains flow to the east along the
Wanxian
Mountain and reach

Sumen
Mountain, coming up through gaps at the south side of the mountain, and thus a clear lake is formed. With the mountain and the lake mirroring each other, it is really an amazing spectacle.










Sumen

Mountain

is located on the north side of the lake, and is only 184 meters tall. But just as a poem put it that a mountain needn’t be high, it is famous so long as there is a deity on it. The mountain holds an important position in numerous famous mountains and waters because of the cultural relics left by celebrities such as poets, litterateurs, statesmen, and other famous people in history. The well-known writer of the Book of Changes, Shao Yong of Southern Song Dynasty, and one of the top three distinguished Confucius scholars at the turn of the Ming and the Qing Dynasties Sun Qifeng, were born here. Beautiful scenery has attracted a lot of celebrities to live in seclusion, go sight-seeing or give lectures here. Being intoxicated with the verdant hills and clean water, they could not help working on poems or paintings, leaving an invaluable cultural heritage. The Baiquan Scenic Area at present has more than 350 steles, 8 cultural relics under provincial or national protection, 45 cultural relics under the protection of

Xinxiang
City and more antiquities under general protection.




The beautiful

Baiquan
Lake attracts tourists from all over the country. The shore is lined with various pavilions. In one of them, the Yongjin Pavilion, you can enjoy the handwriting of Su Shi, a famous poet of the Southern Song Dynasty. Another stele with the characters “People’s Baiquan” by famous patriotic general Feng Yuxiang stands in the Huxin Pavilion built in 1928, also witnessing the history of Baiquan.




Baiquan
Lake is divided by a bridge into two parts: the
North
Lake and the

South
Lake. Covering an area of 29, 000 square meters, the

North
Lake has a state-level standard swimming pool and a children’s swimming pool. It is equipped with various entertainment facilities including yachts and boats of different kinds; embodying features of the scenic area “the Northern Lake for sight-seeing, and the Southern Lake for amusement” and “it is quiet in the Northern Lake, and lively and bustling in the Southern Lake”. The two lakes, like twin lotus flowers on one stalk, are a good match.




During festivals, folk recreational activities are held, such as Lantern Fairs and fireworks, which always attract numerous tourists.




Address: At the foot of the Sumen Mountain 2 kilometers northwest of

Huixian
City.

 
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