|Name:Wulongkou Scenic Area|
Located 15 kilometers southeast of Jiyuan city, covering an area of 128 square kilometers, Wulongkou scenic area, which includes 68 natural human sights, is divided into five scenic spots, i.e. Hot spring, Pangu, Qin River, Chouergou and Baijiangou. Characterized by natural sceneries, macaques and
hot springs, it is the macaque preservation area of national level with 12 groups of over 3,000 macaques.
A well known hydraulic engineering was built in Wulongkou in ancient
China. It is one of the four famous hydraulic engineering in ancient
China which is valuable in scientific study and as cultural relic. The project was expanded from the Han till Yuan Dynasty. During the Ming Dynasty, five canals, like five dragons, were excavated at Qinkou, forming the image of five dragons separating water. Wulongkou, literally the mouth of five dragons, is named after the project, which is the cultural relic of provincial level.
cuts through the mountains at Wulongkou with steep cliffs at two sides. Here visitors can enjoy the tranquil valley and clean river with beautiful sceneries. In East Han Dynasty, the Ming emperor built a garden here, named
Garden which is well known for its beauty and special flavor.
Since the Sui, Tang, Song and Jin, Liao dynasties, many government officials and celebrities came here for a visit. With green mountains reflected in clean waters and summer as cool as in autumn, Wulongkou has been acclaimed as one of the nine sights in Jiyuan.
has wide beach with fine sand. Visitors can take a shower, swimming, boating in the river, riding a horse or having a sun bath on the beach.
has steep cliffs with white clouds coiling around. On the mountain are fancy life-like rocks with beautiful sceneries. Looking up, visitors can enjoy the fancy peaks and rocks. Looking down, they can have a bird view of
Wulongkou scenic area is divided into five scenic spots in different styles, i.e. Hot spring, Pangu,
River, Chouergou and Baijiangou.
Pangu Scenic Spot:
Pangu scenic spot is famous for the
Temple which is very valuable in tourism industry. Besides, its natural sceneries such as its majestic mountains and valleys, old fancy cypresses and springs are really worthy of watching.
The Hot Spring scenic Spot:
Wulongkou is not only famous for its fancy peaks and clean waters, but also for its
Hot springs in this spot are scattered in a rectangular area with a length of 1,000 meters and a width of 300 meters. The hot spring wells here are usually 30 meters deep with a constant temperature of
. These are the best springs with the highest temperature in
China, which contains more than 30 minerals
and microelements, very effective in curing over 20 diseases.
Now known as the hot spring village, a hot spring house and Qinyuanchun Hotel have been constructed to enable visitors to take plunge baths or recuperate from ailments.
Chouergou Scenic Spot
Chouergou scenic spot is well developed. It is famous for its Taihang macaque park and its fancy peaks and rocks, such as Xianglu peak, stone figures. The 10 kilometer long Chouergou is characterized by various valleys, tall mountains and highlands. The Jinji peak, covered with forest, stands in the spot with a height of 862 meters above the sea level. On the top of the Jinji peak, visitors can have a bird’s view of the whole area, even the Yellow River on clear days.
The scenic spot invested RMB12 million to build a sightseeing elevator with an operation height of 158.8 meters. It takes only 2 minutes for the two carriages to carry 26 people simultaneously for one trip. The time and distance for climbing the mountain are greatly reduced.
Sights of Animals and Plants
In Wulongkou scenic spot, there live some macaque tribes which are special animal sights in this area. Wulongkou macaques, now called Taihang macaques, are state protected animals of Grade two. There are 9 groups with a total number of over 3,000 living in the area. The documents indicate Taihang Mountains are the northern end of macaques in China. It is rather cold here in winter. Living in large groups, macaques here are strong with short tail. They are good at climbing and imitating and move swiftly. Now macaque watching has become one of the most popular traveling items in the world.
The China Macaque Garden built in 2000 integrates macaque watching with scientific study and amusement performance. The domesticated macaques can play simple calculations, such as plus, minus. Moreover, they can walk on the rope, play basketball, ride a bicycle and perform other amusing acrobatic programs.
In addition, there live other animals in the scenic spot, such as eagles, golden pheasants, wild goats, hares and many others, especially scorpions, which can be used as raw material of Chinese medicines. The scenic spot is covered by secondary forest which is composed of various plants, such as silver chains, arborvitaes, Chinese mahogang, grapevines, etc.
Human Cultural Sight
The Ancient Cultural Site
2 kilometers to the southeast of Wulongkou, at the south bank of Qin River, there is a highland which has escaped numerous floodings in history and has never been submerged. Documents indicate that there are cultural sites of Yangshao and Longshan. In the 3 meter thick soil of the land are buried prehistoric relics. During the Tang Dynasty, prime minister Pei Xiu built a garden here, which brought the land to the peak.
Just opposite to the highland, in the vicinity of Liu village at the north bank of Qin River, site of Yangshao culture was also found. These sites indicate that there are people living in this area before the history of human beings.
The Jing Hao Exhibition Hall
Jing Hao, styled Haoran, assumedly named Hongguzi, was born in Wulongkou, Jiyuan. As a master painter of Chinese landscapes, he absorbed and developed the painting skills of Wu Daozi and Xiang Rong, both are famous painters in Chinese history. His proposition of sketching of real scenery has strong influence on later generations.
His masterpiece Kuangllutu drew its materials from Huaping peak in Shili gallery of Wulongkou. Jing Hao Exhibition Hall borders beautiful Shili gallery to the north, faces clean Xiangyan Lake to the south. In the hall are displayed over 30 pieces of calligraphies and paintings from Jing Hao or his disciples. In the courtyard stands the stele corridor which was elegantly built and uniquely decorated.
The Xiangyan Temple
The Xiangyan Temple is located at the east side of Macaque Park of Chouergou. It was formerly a Buddist temple in the Tang Dynasty according to the County annals, and was later destroyed in wars during the Yuan Dynasty. The temple was rebuilt during the Ming and Qing dynasties and the Xiangyan Temple is named after the Xiangyan Mountain behind it. It used to be a large temple, but unfortunately destroyed later. In the site are preserved pillar bases, stone statues and steles. Since 1991, it has undergone some renovations and several buildings to stand there, such as the back hall, sakyamuni’s hall, the gate. Besides, the Buddhist statue was remolded and frescoed on the wall. Stone bridges and sidesteps were also rebuilt.
to northeast of Jiyuan City, Henan Province.