|Name:The Cemetery of Martyrs of E-Yu-Wan Revolutionary Base Area|
Tel:No.1 the White Horse Seat, Shoufu Road, Xinxian County
Located in Baimaojian, a place to the south of
County, it is among the first group of cemeteries on county level. Built in 1957, it covers an area of 22 hectares. The main sights include the gate, an embossment entitled
Liaoyuan (Spreading), the
Tower, the Memorial Hall, the Exhibition Room, the
Heroes and Martyrs,
Garden, Hongxing Pavilion and the Monument to the Revolutionary Martyrs. The List of Martyrs keeps the names of 130,000 soldiers. The revolutionary history of E-Yu-Wan Base and brave stories of 55 martyrs are recorded here. More than 1,000 relics are collected. Generals and martyrs like Wu Huanxian, the commander of the 25th Army Corps, Liu Mingbang, Cheng Tan were buried in the cemetery.
The Main Gate
The gate adopts a modern and imposing structure. On the gate is inscribed the name of the cemetery written by Li Xiannian, the former president.
Liaoyuan Embossment Wall
The embossment includes ten pictures illustrating ten historical scenes. The torch symbolizes the revolutionary fire. The three red flags stand for three Red Army forces, the 4th Front Army, the 25th Army Corps and the 28th Army Corps. On the right of flags are the head images of an army soldier and the party flag, which states the nature of the Red Army and the army principle of “The party leads the army”. Below the flags is the former site where the branch of E-Yu-Wan of Central Committee of the CPC was located, a symbol of the establishment of the revolutionary government and commanding center. Down the embossment in the left corner are a flag of the Red Guards and fighting farmers, which signifies armed fights such as Huangma Uprising, Baisha Uprising and so on. Other images are made to mark the civil Wars. On the upper right are the people taking oath by raising hands, which represent the establishment of the party organization in
County. On the right are a series of revolutionary pioneers that embodies the devotion of revolutionists to the great cause of communism. The image of farmers sending sons to the army reflects people’s support of the Red Army. The charging commanders mark the strategic change of the Red Army against the Encirclement and Suppression. The shining medals represent the achievements of revolutionary martyrs and people.
The Monument, a pentagon structure, stands
13.1m high. The number stands for 130,000 martyrs that sacrificed their lives for the revolution. The northern part of the tower bears the motto written by Zhu De, one of the leaders of the party and government, “Eternal life to the revolutionary martyrs!” There are inscriptions of other figures such as Xu Shiyou, Wu Zhipu, Liu Mingbang, and so on.
The major sights in the square are Yingming (great fame) Wall, the Statue of Eternal Torch and the Strategy Map of E-Yu-Wan Revolutionary Base Area. Yingming Wall bears thousands of martyrs’ names. The statue is made up of several revolutionary scenes and characters. On the strategy map red areas represent the revolutionary bases. 26 ground lights stand for 26 revolutionary locations where the governments on the county level were established.
Liufang (eternal) Garden
The bust of Wu Huanxian, one of the founders of the base area, former commander of the 28th Army Corps was erected here. It was built in 1985 by the provincial committee and government of
Province in the 50th anniversary of his sacrifice. On the pedestal was written “Gong Xun Zhuo Zhu” (literally the distinguished achievements) by Li Xiannian, the former president of the country. On the back of the pedestal is the life account of the martyr. On the other two sides are the inscriptions from senior leaders like Xu Xiangqian, Han Zihua, Han Xianchu, Guo Shushen and so on.
Address: No.1 the White Horse Seat, Shoufu Road, Xinxian County.